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Science and Technology of South Korea in 2006
From the late 17th century, there were new academic climates and movements to introduce advanced western S&T into Korea.
By the Japanese annexation of Korea in 1910, it was fundamentally limited to introduce western civilization independently and to develop S&T suitable for Korean situation.
At the time of independence from Japanese rule in 1945, Korea had very limited base for S&T development. Korea continued to make its effort to accumulate S&T capability despite the chaos after the ravages of the Korean civil war in 1950-53.
However, full-scale S&T development began in the course of industrialization since the 1960s.
The development of S&T was set on its way with the beginning of the five-year economic development plan in 1962.
The buildup of S&T capabilities emerged as the most important task of governmental policies. S&T in Korea has developed, efficiently supporting each phase of the rapid economic growth for the last 40 years.
Phase of imitation (1960s~1970s): learning and imitation of advanced technologies
Phase of internalization (1980s): active adaptation and enhancement of advanced technologies
Phase of innovation (1990s): enhancement of creativity in S&T.
Phase of mature innovation (2000s): creation of world-class knowledge and technologies.
Mid-and Long-Term Visions
Vision 2025 : Korea¡¯s Long-term Plan for S&T Development¡±(1999) provides a roadmap toward becoming the world¡¯s 7th power in S&T by the year 2025. The goals set for each phase of development toward the long-term visions are as follows: By 2015: To emerge as an R&D hub of the Asia and Pacific region. By 2025: To establish world leadership in selected technology areas and rise as world¡¯s 7th power in science and technology.
To achieve the long-term visions and goals in science and technology development, it is necessary: To identify strategic S&T areas and concentrate resources on the selected areas, namely, information technology, biotechnology, nanotechnology, environment, energy, new materials, etc. To transform the national innovation system from the government-initiated, development-oriented system into a market-driven, diffusion-oriented system, and also from an inward-looking S&T system into a globally-networked system.
National Renaissance based on Science and Technology
National social, cultural and economic development fuelled and sustained by creative innovation in science and technology.
Features of science and technology-oriented society
Knowledge, Information, and Intelligence-based Society
A society that provides infrastructure through which individuals, businesses and organizations can function in the most efficient way.
Society of Healthy Life
A society that enables its members to live healthy lives based on the development of science and technology in the areas of medicines, health and other related areas.
A society where human beings and the environment coexist in a mutually prosperous way.
Value-creating Industrial Structure
A society that enables conventional industries to survive and grow by helping them adapt to new technologies.
Enhanced National Security and Prestige
A society that can make the best use of new science and technology for national security, disaster prevention, food supply, and social integrity.
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