Science and Technology of South Korea in 2006

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Science and Technology of South Korea in 2006

 

History

From the late 17th century, there were new academic climates and movements to introduce advanced western S&T into Korea.

By the Japanese annexation of Korea in 1910, it was fundamentally limited to introduce western civilization independently and to develop S&T suitable for Korean situation.

At the time of independence from Japanese rule in 1945, Korea had very limited base for S&T development. Korea continued to make its effort to accumulate S&T capability despite the chaos after the ravages of the Korean civil war in 1950-53.

However, full-scale S&T development began in the course of industrialization since the 1960s.

The development of S&T was set on its way with the beginning of the five-year economic development plan in 1962.

The buildup of S&T capabilities emerged as the most important task of governmental policies. S&T in Korea has developed, efficiently supporting each phase of the rapid economic growth for the last 40 years.

Phase of imitation (1960s~1970s): learning and imitation of advanced technologies

Phase of internalization (1980s): active adaptation and enhancement of advanced technologies

Phase of innovation (1990s): enhancement of creativity in S&T.

Phase of mature innovation (2000s): creation of world-class knowledge and technologies.


Mid-and Long-Term Visions

Vision 2025 : Korea's Long-term Plan for S&T Development"(1999) provides a roadmap toward becoming the world's 7th power in S&T by the year 2025. The goals set for each phase of development toward the long-term visions are as follows: By 2015: To emerge as an R&D hub of the Asia and Pacific region. By 2025: To establish world leadership in selected technology areas and rise as world's 7th power in science and technology.

To achieve the long-term visions and goals in science and technology development, it is necessary: To identify strategic S&T areas and concentrate resources on the selected areas, namely, information technology, biotechnology, nanotechnology, environment, energy, new materials, etc. To transform the national innovation system from the government-initiated, development-oriented system into a market-driven, diffusion-oriented system, and also from an inward-looking S&T system into a globally-networked system.

National Renaissance based on Science and Technology

Key Characteristics
National social, cultural and economic development fuelled and sustained by creative innovation in science and technology. Features of science and technology-oriented society

Knowledge, Information, and Intelligence-based Society

A society that provides infrastructure through which individuals, businesses and organizations can function in the most efficient way.

Society of Healthy Life
A society that enables its members to live healthy lives based on the development of science and technology in the areas of medicines, health and other related areas.

Sustainable Society
A society where human beings and the environment coexist in a mutually prosperous way.

Value-creating Industrial Structure
A society that enables conventional industries to survive and grow by helping them adapt to new technologies.

Enhanced National Security and Prestige
A society that can make the best use of new science and technology for national security, disaster prevention, food supply, and social integrity.

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