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IT839 geared to creating u-society
Plan envisions developing 8 new services, 3 key network infrastructures and nine promising sectors
The government's strategy to establish global leadership in the information technology sector can be summed up by one word: IT839. It refers to the eight new services, three infrastructure networks and nine promising sectors that the government intends to develop.
The IT839 strategy illustrates the government's efforts to make Korea a powerhouse of the global IT industry. At the same time, it is geared toward transforming Korean society into u-Korea, a society where ubiquitous information technology changes the lifestyle of the citizens.
Korea is currently at the forefront of major technological developments that take place in the global IT industry. It ranks among the top three in terms of the production and trade of IT equipment, accounting for 6 percent of the global production and export volume.
The IT industry is an area where equipment and software are interconnected through networks. Telecommunication services, infrastructure, equipment, software and contents constitute the horizontal and vertical value chains of the IT industry.
The IT839 strategy was set forth as a new development strategy for this sector that takes into account the unique characteristics of the IT industry.
The strategy calls for introducing and developing eight new IT services, which in turn will encourage investment into three key network infrastructures. This network infrastructure will enable nine promising sectors, including equipment, terminal, software and contents, to prosper synergistically.
It will also enable cooperation among the government, private sector, and research institutes.
To effectively implement the IT839 strategy, the government has been encouraging investment in developing eight new services such as wireless broadband (WiBro), satellite and terrestrial digital multimedia broadcasting (DMB), home network, telematics and radio frequency identification (RFID)-based services.
At the same time, it has endeavored to facilitate the use of existing services such as W-CDMA, terrestrial digital TV (DTV) and voice over internet protocol (VoIP). It has also been actively supporting international standardization activities.
The three major network infrastructures include the broadband convergence network, u-sensor network, and the next-generation internet protocol (IPv6).
The broadband convergence network (BcN) aims to prepare the nation for the era of convergence between telecommunications and broadcasting.
The u-sensor network is being highlighted with the advent of the ubiquitous society. The next-generation internet protocol (IPv6) is expected to provide the basis for the Korean IT industry's future growth.
The government's nine new growth engine sectors are next-generation mobile communications, digital TV broadcasting, home networks, IT system on chips (SoCs), next-generation PCs, embedded software, digital contents and software solutions, telematics, and intelligent service robots.
To make these sectors competitive and prosperous, the government will invest in research and development, create world-class IT clusters, attract R&D centers from global IT companies and expand its support for technological development.
The IT839 strategy is founded on the belief that IT will bring qualitative changes to the nation's economic growth paradigm. The IT industry is not only crucial for boosting the nation's exports but creating value in a knowledge-based economy.
The strategy is also aimed at realizing a ubiquitous world by forming a virtual circle of developing new services, which triggers investment in infrastructures, which in turn drives forward the growth engine sectors.
The IT839 strategy, if successfully implemented, will make people's lives more convenient by realizing a digital home. It will also enable the government to provide more advanced e-government services via mobile and other means, and strengthen corporate competitiveness through digitization.
Ultimately, it will realize a ubiquitous society which enables communication between person to person, person to object, and object to object.
This will be done by embedding intelligence technology in objects and humans, and connecting all the elements via the network.
For successful diffusion of information technology, it is important to study the strategic way of leveraging technology at the national level.
Previously, the government's policy focus has been put on simply expanding IT investment, with its strategy centered on the outcomes and benefits of individual projects.
The emphasis now is on a common basic structure such as architecture, standard, interoperability and interface. Therefore, the Korean government will commit itself to deploy its backbone network and BcN, in close cooperation with the private sector.
It is determined to spare no policy efforts to manage the IT industrial structure in a reliable and safe manner as personal and corporate activities in Korea are highly dependent on the IT infrastructure.
In order to enhance efficiency and effectiveness in diffusing IT, the government will closely work with the private sector to establish a firm technological, legal and institutional base.
These efforts will help prevent the digital divide from widening, provide equal opportunities to utilize information, and improve personal income and quality of life.
The ultimate goal of IT diffusion lies in giving equal digital opportunities to all members of society.
The government's IT839 strategy serves three basic purposes: It promotes industrial and economic development, seeks to bring down the walls between regions, classes and generations, and improves the quality for people's daily life.