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Included in UNESCO's list of world cultural heritage in 1997, Hwaseong was built over a two year period from 1794, during the reign of King Jeongjo, the 22nd King of the Joseon Dynasty.
Located in the east part of Mt. Paldalsan, the fortress is over 5.74Km long. A crane-like device was used to lay the bricks which were oven-baked. The four gates of Hwaseong Fortress are especially impressive: Changnyongmun Gate to the east, Hwaseomun Gate to the west, Paldalmun Gate to the south and Janganmun Gate to the north.
Gongsimdon was a wartime lookout, Holes on the fortress walls made it possible to spy on the movements outside. There were also holes through which soldiers could shoot. It is said that there were three Gongsimdons at the Hwaseong fortress, but only two remain today.
Seojangdae (West Command Post)
As a two-story edifice, Seojangdae was built at the summit of Mt. Paldalsan(143m above sea level)to serve as the command post that the movement within a 40Km radius was perceptible from this vantage point. Currently, only the pavilion is left intact.
Standing at the east side of Hwahongmun Gate, Banghwasuryujeong Pavilion demonstrates exquisite beauty of Korean architectural style.
- Take subway line #1 to Suwon, then take a city bus to the fortress.
- For Information : Hwaseong Control Office 82-31-228-4410
- Nearby Tourist Attractions
Woncheon Resort : 82-31-228-2733
Gyeonggi Provincial Museum : 82-31-285-2011
Everland : 82-31-320-5000
Korean Folk Village : 82-31-286-2116/7