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Korean Festival :
Hanshik- A festive day in April
a brief ancestor memorial service they visit their ancestor's graves. tombs. The 105th day from the winter solstice.It is on Chung Myung day or the day after and it usually falls on the second month and occasionally third month of the lunar calendar. (1: Chung Myung Day usually falls on approximately the 5th of April of the solar calendar, and it is a day before or after Hanshik day. On this day, on most of the farms, the preparations for rice paddies are begun and the soil is turned over of paddy fields and dry fields banks is begun.
This day falls on April 5 of the solar calendar and from ancient times it has been called one of the four major traditional holidays along with New Year's Day, Tano and Chusok. On this day, the government officials head along to visit ancestral shrines of the royal family and the people, after preparing wine and fruits and have a brief ancestor memorial service they visit their ancestor's graves. tombs.
If the grave was unattended they put on new grass and this is called gyejacho.
Also, this is the day when trees are planted around the grave. But it is said that if the Hanshik falls on March, the planting of new grass not performed. The custom of visiting ancestor's graves is said to have originated from China's Tang Dynasty and was then brought to our country during the Korean Shilla Dynasty period.
During the Koryo Dynasty, Hanshik was observed as the most important traditional holiday where officials were permitted to visit ancestors' graves and prisoners were not executed. During the Chosun Dynasty the importance of its folkloric stand has grown, and although banquets were held during the King Chojung on recent times, except for the visits to ancestral graves all the other observances have been abolished.
The name Hanshik comes from the old custom of not making fire and eating cold food on this day but this origination of Hanshik is said to be to console the Gyejachoo, a loyal subject from China's Jin Dynasty.
When Gyejachoo was being chased by treacherous royal subjects and hid in Myun Mountain, Mungong recognized his loyalty and came to find him but he would not come out so he started a fire on Myun Mountain. However Gyejachoo did not come out from the mountain and died in the fire so people started to mourn for him and hence began the tradition of eating cold food.
Actually though it is thought that this tradition comes from an old custom of a religious rite observed every spring when a new fire would be made but preceding this making a fire would be forbidden for a period of time. On this day, the crop seeds would be sown in farms.