Inside the main courtyard of Bulguk-sa stands Daeung Jeon (Hall of Great Enlightenment). (Also spotlighted in the courtyard are Tabo T'ap and Seokka T'ap Pagodas.) This hall enshrines Sakyamuni Buddha, the man who attained enlightenment over 2,500 years ago in India. Originally built in 681, it has been reconstructed and repaired several times since then.
In the courtyard behind Daeung Jeon stands Munseol Jeon (Hall of No Words), a large hall used for giving lectures on the sutras. The name "No Word" comes from the belief that it is impossible to express the essence of Buddha's teachings simply through language. One of the temple's oldest buildings, Grand Master U-sang first taught here around 670.
At the highest part of the temple compound stands Kwaneum Jeon (Avalokitesvara's Shrine). This small structure enshrines Avalokitesvara (Kwanseeum Bosal, in Korean), the Bodhisattva of Perfect Compassion. Avalokitesvara is known as the "One Who Listens to the Cries of the World" and is dedicated to the well being of all living things.Always ready to help those suffering or in need, the Bodhisattva is very popular among common people.
Biro Jeon (Vairocana Buddha Hall) stands just below Kwaneum Jeon. Inside this hall is the Golden Bronze Vairocana Sitting Buddha, national Treasure #26. The Vairocana Buddha embodies Truth, Wisdom, and Cosmic Power. The architecture is typical of the later Chosun period.
Next to the main part of the compound stands Geuknak Jeon (Fall of Supreme Bliss). The Golden Bronze Amitabha Tathagatha Seated buddha, National Treasure #27, is enshrined here. Amitabha is the Buddha of Cosmic Light.